Articles | Volume 13, issue 3
Research article
26 Aug 2022
Research article |  | 26 Aug 2022

Indices of extremes: geographic patterns of change in extremes and associated vegetation impacts under climate intervention

Mari R. Tye, Katherine Dagon, Maria J. Molina, Jadwiga H. Richter, Daniele Visioni, Ben Kravitz, and Simone Tilmes

Related authors

Comparison of UKESM1 and CESM2 simulations using the same multi-target stratospheric aerosol injection strategy
Matthew Henry, Jim Haywood, Andy Jones, Mohit Dalvi, Alice Wells, Daniele Visioni, Ewa M. Bednarz, Douglas G. MacMartin, Walker Lee, and Mari R. Tye
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 23, 13369–13385,,, 2023
Short summary
Evaluating an Earth system model from a water user perspective
Mari R. Tye, Ming Ge, Jadwiga H. Richter, Ethan D. Gutmann, Allyson Rugg, Cindy L. Bruyère, Sue Ellen Haupt, Flavio Lehner, Rachel McCrary, Andrew J. Newman, and Andrew Wood
EGUsphere,,, 2023
Short summary
Assessing Responses and Impacts of Solar climate intervention on the Earth system with stratospheric aerosol injection (ARISE-SAI): protocol and initial results from the first simulations
Jadwiga H. Richter, Daniele Visioni, Douglas G. MacMartin, David A. Bailey, Nan Rosenbloom, Brian Dobbins, Walker R. Lee, Mari Tye, and Jean-Francois Lamarque
Geosci. Model Dev., 15, 8221–8243,,, 2022
Short summary
The INTENSE project: using observations and models to understand the past, present and future of sub-daily rainfall extremes
Stephen Blenkinsop, Hayley J. Fowler, Renaud Barbero, Steven C. Chan, Selma B. Guerreiro, Elizabeth Kendon, Geert Lenderink, Elizabeth Lewis, Xiao-Feng Li, Seth Westra, Lisa Alexander, Richard P. Allan, Peter Berg, Robert J. H. Dunn, Marie Ekström, Jason P. Evans, Greg Holland, Richard Jones, Erik Kjellström, Albert Klein-Tank, Dennis Lettenmaier, Vimal Mishra, Andreas F. Prein, Justin Sheffield, and Mari R. Tye
Adv. Sci. Res., 15, 117–126,,, 2018
Short summary

Related subject area

Earth system change: climate scenarios
Countries most exposed to individual and concurrent extremes and near-permanent extreme conditions at different global warming levels
Fulden Batibeniz, Mathias Hauser, and Sonia Isabelle Seneviratne
Earth Syst. Dynam., 14, 485–505,,, 2023
Short summary
Direct and indirect application of univariate and multivariate bias corrections on heat-stress indices based on multiple regional-climate-model simulations
Liying Qiu, Eun-Soon Im, Seung-Ki Min, Yeon-Hee Kim, Dong-Hyun Cha, Seok-Woo Shin, Joong-Bae Ahn, Eun-Chul Chang, and Young-Hwa Byun
Earth Syst. Dynam., 14, 507–517,,, 2023
Short summary
Overview: The Baltic Earth Assessment Reports (BEAR)
H. E. Markus Meier, Marcus Reckermann, Joakim Langner, Ben Smith, and Ira Didenkulova
Earth Syst. Dynam., 14, 519–531,,, 2023
Short summary
The implications of maintaining Earth's hemispheric albedo symmetry for shortwave radiative feedbacks
Aiden R. Jönsson and Frida A.-M. Bender
Earth Syst. Dynam., 14, 345–365,,, 2023
Short summary
Robust global detection of forced changes in mean and extreme precipitation despite observational disagreement on the magnitude of change
Iris Elisabeth de Vries, Sebastian Sippel, Angeline Greene Pendergrass, and Reto Knutti
Earth Syst. Dynam., 14, 81–100,,, 2023
Short summary

Cited articles

Alamou, A. E., Obada, E., Biao, E. I., Zandagba, E. B. J., Da-Allada, C. Y., Bonou, F. K., Baloïtcha, E., Tilmes, S., and Irvine, P. J.: Impact of Stratospheric Aerosol Geoengineering on Meteorological Droughts in West Africa, Atmosphere, 13, 234,, 2022. 
Alexander, L. V., Bador, M., Roca, R., Contractor, S., Donat, M. G., and Nguyen, P. L.: Intercomparison of annual precipitation indices and extremes over global land areas from in situ , space-based and reanalysis products, Environ. Res. Lett., 15, 055002,, 2020. 
Allan, R. P., Barlow, M., Byrne, M. P., Cherchi, A., Douville, H., Fowler, H. J., Gan, T. Y., Pendergrass, A. G., Rosenfeld, D., Swann, A. L. S., Wilcox, L. J., and Zolina, O.: Advances in understanding large-scale responses of the water cycle to climate change, Ann. Ny. Acad. Sci., 1472, 49–75,, 2020. 
Allen, M. R. and Ingram, W. J.: Constraints on future changes in climate and the hydrologic cycle, Nature, 419, 228–232,, 2002. 
Short summary
We examined the potential effect of stratospheric aerosol injection (SAI) on extreme temperature and precipitation. SAI may cause daytime temperatures to cool but nighttime to warm. Daytime cooling may occur in all seasons across the globe, with the largest decreases in summer. In contrast, nighttime warming may be greatest at high latitudes in winter. SAI may reduce the frequency and intensity of extreme rainfall. The combined changes may exacerbate drying over parts of the global south.
Final-revised paper