Articles | Volume 14, issue 2
Research article
26 Apr 2023
Research article |  | 26 Apr 2023

Countries most exposed to individual and concurrent extremes and near-permanent extreme conditions at different global warming levels

Fulden Batibeniz, Mathias Hauser, and Sonia Isabelle Seneviratne

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Cited articles

Alizadeh, M. R., Adamowski, J., Nikoo, M. R., AghaKouchak, A., Dennison, P., and Sadegh, M.: A century of observations reveals increasing likelihood of continental-scale compound dry–hot extremes, Sci. Adv., 6, eaaz4571,, 2020. 
Alizadeh, M. R., Abatzoglou, J. T., Adamowski, J. F., Prestemon, J. P., Chittoori, B., Akbari Asanjan, A., and Sadegh, M.: Increasing Heat-Stress Inequality in a Warming Climate, Earth's Future, 10, e2021EF002488,, 2022. 
Bao, J., Sherwood, S. C., Alexander, L. V., and Evans, J. P.: Future increases in extreme precipitation exceed observed scaling rates, Nat. Clim. Change, 7, 128–132,, 2017. 
Bathiany, S., Dakos, V., Scheffer, M., and Lenton, T. M.: Climate models predict increasing temperature variability in poor countries, Sci. Adv., 4, eaar5809,, 2018. 
Short summary
We study single and concurrent heatwaves, droughts, precipitation, and wind extremes. Globally, these extremes become more frequent and affect larger land areas under future warming, with several countries experiencing extreme events every single month. Concurrent heatwaves–droughts (precipitation–wind) are projected to increase the most in mid–high-latitude countries (tropics). Every mitigation action to avoid further warming will reduce the number of people exposed to extreme weather events.
Final-revised paper