Articles | Volume 13, issue 1
Earth Syst. Dynam., 13, 1–80, 2022

Special issue: The Baltic Earth Assessment Reports (BEAR)

Earth Syst. Dynam., 13, 1–80, 2022
03 Jan 2022
Review | 03 Jan 2022

Human impacts and their interactions in the Baltic Sea region

Marcus Reckermann et al.

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As part of the Baltic Earth Assessment Reports (BEAR), we present an inventory and discussion of different human-induced factors and processes affecting the environment of the Baltic Sea region and their interrelations. Some are naturally occurring and modified by human activities, others are completely human-induced, and they are all interrelated to different degrees. The findings from this study can largely be transferred to other comparable marginal and coastal seas in the world.
Final-revised paper