Articles | Volume 11, issue 2
Earth Syst. Dynam., 11, 525–535, 2020
Earth Syst. Dynam., 11, 525–535, 2020

Research article 05 Jun 2020

Research article | 05 Jun 2020

On the interconnections among major climate modes and their common driving factors

Xinnong Pan et al.

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Cited articles

Bjerknes, J.: Atmospheric teleconnections from the equatorial pacific, Mon. Weather Rev., 97, 163–172,;2, 1969. 
Blaschke, T., Berkes, P., and Wiskott, L.: What is the relation between slow feature analysis and independent component analysis?, Neural Comput., 18, 2495–2508,, 2006. 
Bradley, R. S., Diaz, H. F., Kiladis, G. N., and Eischeid, J. K.: ENSO signal in continental temperature and precipitation records, Nature, 327, 497–501,, 1987. 
Short summary
The variations in oceanic and atmospheric modes play important roles in global and regional climate variability. The relationships between their variations and regional climate variability have been extensively examined, but the interconnections among these climate modes remain unclear. We show that the base periods and their harmonic oscillations that appear to be related to QBO, ENSO, and solar activities act as key connections among the climatic modes with synchronous behaviors.
Final-revised paper