Articles | Volume 12, issue 2
Earth Syst. Dynam., 12, 601–619, 2021
Earth Syst. Dynam., 12, 601–619, 2021

Research article 03 Jun 2021

Research article | 03 Jun 2021

Interacting tipping elements increase risk of climate domino effects under global warming

Nico Wunderling et al.

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Short summary
In the Earth system, climate tipping elements exist that can undergo qualitative changes in response to environmental perturbations. If triggered, this would result in severe consequences for the biosphere and human societies. We quantify the risk of tipping cascades using a conceptual but fully dynamic network approach. We uncover that the risk of tipping cascades under global warming scenarios is enormous and find that the continental ice sheets are most likely to initiate these failures.
Final-revised paper