Articles | Volume 12, issue 4
Earth Syst. Dynam., 12, 1169–1189, 2021

Special issue: Modelling inland waters in a changing climate (GMD/ESD/TC...

Earth Syst. Dynam., 12, 1169–1189, 2021
Research article
16 Nov 2021
Research article | 16 Nov 2021

Accounting for surface waves improves gas flux estimation at high wind speed in a large lake

Pascal Perolo et al.

Related authors

Enhanced bioavailability of dissolved organic matter (DOM) in human-disturbed streams in Alpine fluvial networks
Thibault Lambert, Pascal Perolo, Nicolas Escoffier, and Marie-Elodie Perga
Biogeosciences, 19, 187–200,,, 2022
Short summary

Related subject area

Dynamics of the Earth system: interactions
Complex network analysis of fine particulate matter (PM2.5): transport and clustering
Na Ying, Wansuo Duan, Zhidan Zhao, and Jingfang Fan
Earth Syst. Dynam., 13, 1029–1039,,, 2022
Short summary
CO2 surface variability: from the stratosphere or not?
Michael J. Prather
Earth Syst. Dynam., 13, 703–709,,, 2022
Short summary
Quantifying memory and persistence in the atmosphere–land and ocean carbon system
Matthias Jonas, Rostyslav Bun, Iryna Ryzha, and Piotr Żebrowski
Earth Syst. Dynam., 13, 439–455,,, 2022
Short summary
Salinity dynamics of the Baltic Sea
Andreas Lehmann, Kai Myrberg, Piia Post, Irina Chubarenko, Inga Dailidiene, Hans-Harald Hinrichsen, Karin Hüssy, Taavi Liblik, H. E. Markus Meier, Urmas Lips, and Tatiana Bukanova
Earth Syst. Dynam., 13, 373–392,,, 2022
Short summary
Impact of urbanization on the thermal environment of the Chengdu–Chongqing urban agglomeration under complex terrain
Si Chen, Zhenghui Xie, Jinbo Xie, Bin Liu, Binghao Jia, Peihua Qin, Longhuan Wang, Yan Wang, and Ruichao Li
Earth Syst. Dynam., 13, 341–356,,, 2022
Short summary

Cited articles

Amini, A., Dhont, B., and Heller, P.: Wave atlas for Swiss lakes: modeling design waves in mountainous lakes, Journal of Applied Water Engineering and Research, 5, 103–113,, 2016. 
Bastviken, D., Sundgren, I., Natchimuthu, S., Reyier, H., and Gålfalk, M.: Technical Note: Cost-efficient approaches to measure carbon dioxide (CO2) fluxes and concentrations in terrestrial and aquatic environments using mini loggers, Biogeosciences, 12, 3849–3859,, 2015. 
Borges, A. V., Vanderborght, J.-P., Schiettecatte, L.-S., Gazeau, F., Ferron-Smith, S., Delille, B., and Frankignoulle, M.: Variability of the gas transfer velocity of CO2 in a macrotidal estuary (the Scheldt), Estuaries, 27, 593–603,, 2004. 
Bouffard, D., Sukys, J., Runnals, J., and Odermatt, D.: Datalakes: Heterogeneous data platform for operational modelling and forecasting of Swiss lakes, available at:, last access: 23 February 2021. 
Carter, D. J. T.: Prediction of wave height and period for a constant wind velocity using the JONSWAP results, Ocean Eng., 9, 17–33,, 1982. 
Short summary
Wind blowing over the ocean creates waves that, by increasing the level of turbulence, promote gas exchange at the air–water interface. In this study, for the first time, we measured enhanced gas exchanges by wind-induced waves at the surface of a large lake. We adapted an ocean-based model to account for the effect of surface waves on gas exchange in lakes. We finally show that intense wind events with surface waves contribute disproportionately to the annual CO2 gas flux in a large lake.
Final-revised paper