Articles | Volume 10, issue 2
Earth Syst. Dynam., 10, 261–270, 2019
Earth Syst. Dynam., 10, 261–270, 2019

Research article 24 Apr 2019

Research article | 24 Apr 2019

North Pacific subtropical sea surface temperature frontogenesis and its connection with the atmosphere above

Leying Zhang et al.

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Cited articles

Carton, J. A. and Giese, B. S.: A reanalysis of Ocean Climate Using Simple Ocean Data Assimilation, Mon. Weather Rev., 136, 2999–3017,, 2008. 
Chen, S. F., Yu, B., and Chen, W.: An analysis on the physical process of the influence of AO on ENSO, Clim. Dynam., 42, 973–989,, 2014. 
Dee, D. P., Uppala, S. M., and Simmons, A. J.: The ERA-interim reanalysis: configuration and performance of the data assimilation system, Q. J. Roy. Meteor. Soc., 137, 553–597,, 2011. 
Dinniman, M. S. and Rienecker, M. M.: Frontogenesis in the North Pacific oceanic frontal zones: a numerical simulation, J. Phys. Oceanogr., 29, 537–559,<0537:FITNPO>2.0.CO;2, 1999. 
Kazmin, A. S.: Variability of the climatic oceanic frontal zones and its connection with the large-scale atmospheric forcing, Prog. Oceanogr., 154, 38–48,, 2017. 
Short summary
Net heat flux dominates the frontogenesis of the NPSTF from October to December, while oceanic meridional temperature advection contributes equally as much or even more net heat flux in January and February. The atmosphere is critical to frontogenesis through net heat flux and the Aleutian low, the latter of which benefits meridional temperature advection.
Final-revised paper