Articles | Volume 10, issue 2
Research article
24 Apr 2019
Research article |  | 24 Apr 2019

North Pacific subtropical sea surface temperature frontogenesis and its connection with the atmosphere above

Leying Zhang, Haiming Xu, Jing Ma, Ning Shi, and Jiechun Deng

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Cited articles

Carton, J. A. and Giese, B. S.: A reanalysis of Ocean Climate Using Simple Ocean Data Assimilation, Mon. Weather Rev., 136, 2999–3017,, 2008. 
Chen, S. F., Yu, B., and Chen, W.: An analysis on the physical process of the influence of AO on ENSO, Clim. Dynam., 42, 973–989,, 2014. 
Dee, D. P., Uppala, S. M., and Simmons, A. J.: The ERA-interim reanalysis: configuration and performance of the data assimilation system, Q. J. Roy. Meteor. Soc., 137, 553–597,, 2011. 
Dinniman, M. S. and Rienecker, M. M.: Frontogenesis in the North Pacific oceanic frontal zones: a numerical simulation, J. Phys. Oceanogr., 29, 537–559,<0537:FITNPO>2.0.CO;2, 1999. 
Kazmin, A. S.: Variability of the climatic oceanic frontal zones and its connection with the large-scale atmospheric forcing, Prog. Oceanogr., 154, 38–48,, 2017. 
Short summary
Net heat flux dominates the frontogenesis of the NPSTF from October to December, while oceanic meridional temperature advection contributes equally as much or even more net heat flux in January and February. The atmosphere is critical to frontogenesis through net heat flux and the Aleutian low, the latter of which benefits meridional temperature advection.
Final-revised paper