Articles | Volume 10, issue 2
Earth Syst. Dynam., 10, 261–270, 2019
https://doi.org/10.5194/esd-10-261-2019
Earth Syst. Dynam., 10, 261–270, 2019
https://doi.org/10.5194/esd-10-261-2019

Research article 24 Apr 2019

Research article | 24 Apr 2019

North Pacific subtropical sea surface temperature frontogenesis and its connection with the atmosphere above

Leying Zhang et al.

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AC: Author comment | RC: Referee comment | SC: Short comment | EC: Editor comment
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AR: Author's response | RR: Referee report | ED: Editor decision
ED: Publish subject to minor revisions (review by editor) (23 Jan 2019) by Anders Levermann
AR by Leying Zhang on behalf of the Authors (01 Feb 2019)  Author's response    Manuscript
ED: Publish as is (01 Apr 2019) by Anders Levermann
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Short summary
Net heat flux dominates the frontogenesis of the NPSTF from October to December, while oceanic meridional temperature advection contributes equally as much or even more net heat flux in January and February. The atmosphere is critical to frontogenesis through net heat flux and the Aleutian low, the latter of which benefits meridional temperature advection.
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