Articles | Volume 5, issue 2
Research article
24 Nov 2014
Research article |  | 24 Nov 2014

Path independence of climate and carbon cycle response over a broad range of cumulative carbon emissions

T. Herrington and K. Zickfeld

Related authors

Validation of Pan-Arctic Soil Temperatures in Modern Reanalysis and Data Assimilation Systems
Tyler C. Herrington, Christopher G. Fletcher, and Heather Kropp
The Cryosphere Discuss.,,, 2022
Preprint under review for TC
Short summary

Related subject area

Dynamics of the Earth system: interactions
Continental heat storage: contributions from the ground, inland waters, and permafrost thawing
Francisco José Cuesta-Valero, Hugo Beltrami, Almudena García-García, Gerhard Krinner, Moritz Langer, Andrew H. MacDougall, Jan Nitzbon, Jian Peng, Karina von Schuckmann, Sonia I. Seneviratne, Wim Thiery, Inne Vanderkelen, and Tonghua Wu
Earth Syst. Dynam., 14, 609–627,,, 2023
Short summary
The rate of information transfer as a measure of ocean–atmosphere interactions
David Docquier, Stéphane Vannitsem, and Alessio Bellucci
Earth Syst. Dynam., 14, 577–591,,, 2023
Short summary
Evaluation of global teleconnections in CMIP6 climate projections using complex networks
Clementine Dalelane, Kristina Winderlich, and Andreas Walter
Earth Syst. Dynam., 14, 17–37,,, 2023
Short summary
On the additivity of climate responses to the volcanic and solar forcing in the early 19th century
Shih-Wei Fang, Claudia Timmreck, Johann Jungclaus, Kirstin Krüger, and Hauke Schmidt
Earth Syst. Dynam., 13, 1535–1555,,, 2022
Short summary
Exploring the relationship between temperature forecast errors and Earth system variables
Melissa Ruiz-Vásquez, Sungmin O, Alexander Brenning, Randal D. Koster, Gianpaolo Balsamo, Ulrich Weber, Gabriele Arduini, Ana Bastos, Markus Reichstein, and René Orth
Earth Syst. Dynam., 13, 1451–1471,,, 2022
Short summary

Cited articles

Allen, M., Frame, D., Huntingford, C., Jones, C. D., Lowe, J. A., Meinshausen, M., and Meinshausen, N.: Greenhouse-gas emission targets for limiting global warming to 2 °C, Nature, 458, 1163–1166, 2009.
Archer, D.: A data-driven model of the global calcite lysocline, Global Biogeochem. Cy., 10, 511–526, 1996.
Boden, T. A., Marland, G., and Andres, R. J.: Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, U.S. Department of Energy, Oak Ridge, Tenn., USA available at:, last access: 30 September 2012.
Bouttes, N., Gregory, J. M., and Lowe, J. A.: The Reversibility of Sea Level Rise, J. Climate, 26, 2502–2513, 2013.
Short summary
Recent studies have identified an approximately proportional relationship between global warming and cumulative carbon emissions. This relationship – referred to as the transient climate response to cumulative carbon emissions (TCRE) – is useful for climate policy applications. We show that the TCRE is constant for cumulative emissions lower than ~1500GtC but declines for higher cumulative emissions. We also find the TCRE to decrease with increasing emission rate.
Final-revised paper