Articles | Volume 6, issue 2
Research article
03 Nov 2015
Research article |  | 03 Nov 2015

The nexus of oil, conflict, and climate change vulnerability of pastoral communities in northwest Kenya

J. Schilling, R. Locham, T. Weinzierl, J. Vivekananda, and J. Scheffran

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Cited articles

Adem, T. A., Ember, C. R., Skoggard, I., Jones, E. C., and Faas, A. J.: Dangerous geography: Spatial distribution of livestock raiding in northwestern Kenya, Ethnology, 51, 1–29, 2012.
Africa Oil: Current activities – Kenya,, last access: 9 October 2015.
Aghalino, S. O.: Oil exploitation and the accentuation of intergroup conflicts in the Niger Delta, Nigeria, J. Human Ecol., 28, 153–159, 2009.
Allen, L., Cohen, M., Abelson, D., and Miller, B.: Fossil fuels and water quality, in: The world's water, Vol. 7, edited by: Gleick, P., Island Press/Center for Resource Economics, Washington, D.C., 73–96, 2011.
Amundsen, I.: Drowning in oil angola's institutions and the "resource curse", Comparative Politics, 46, 169–189, 2014.

The requested paper has a corresponding corrigendum published. Please read the corrigendum first before downloading the article.

Short summary
This article first discusses the effects of oil exploration on the vulnerability of pastoral communities to climate change. The effects are found to be ambivalent, but mostly aggravating. Second, the article explores the (potential) effects of oil exploration on local conflict dynamics. Findings suggest a risk of escalating company-community conflicts. These conflicts are mostly driven by unfulfilled community expectations for employment, water and development.
Final-revised paper