Articles | Volume 9, issue 4
Earth Syst. Dynam., 9, 1243–1260, 2018
Earth Syst. Dynam., 9, 1243–1260, 2018

Research article 06 Nov 2018

Research article | 06 Nov 2018

Cascading transitions in the climate system

Mark M. Dekker et al.

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Short summary
We introduce a framework of cascading tipping, i.e. a sequence of abrupt transitions occurring because a transition in one system affects the background conditions of another system. Using bifurcation theory, various types of these events are considered and early warning indicators are suggested. An illustration of such an event is found in a conceptual model, coupling the North Atlantic Ocean with the equatorial Pacific. This demonstrates the possibility of events such as this in nature.
Final-revised paper