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Earth System Dynamics An interactive open-access journal of the European Geosciences Union
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Volume 6, issue 1
Earth Syst. Dynam., 6, 327–358, 2015
https://doi.org/10.5194/esd-6-327-2015
© Author(s) 2015. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.
Earth Syst. Dynam., 6, 327–358, 2015
https://doi.org/10.5194/esd-6-327-2015
© Author(s) 2015. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.

ESD Reviews 09 Jun 2015

ESD Reviews | 09 Jun 2015

The ocean carbon sink – impacts, vulnerabilities and challenges

C. Heinze et al.

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Cited articles

Aagaard, K., Coachman, L. K., and Carmack, E.: On the halocline of the Arctic Ocean, Deep-Sea Res. Pt. A, 28, 529–545, https://doi.org/10.1016/0198-0149(81)90115-1, 1981.
Anderson, L. G., Andersson, P. S., Björk, G., Peter Jones, E., Jutterström, S., and Wåhlström, I.: Source and formation of the upper halocline of the Arctic Ocean, J. Geophys. Res.-Oceans, 118, 410-421, https://doi.org/10.1029/2012JC008291, 2013.
Andrews, O. D., Bindoff, N. L., Halloran, P. R., Ilyina, T., and Le Quéré, C.: Detecting an external influence on recent changes in oceanic oxygen using an optimal fingerprinting method, Biogeosciences, 10, 1799–1813, https://doi.org/10.5194/bg-10-1799-2013, 2013.
Archer, D.: Fate of fossil fuel CO2 in geologic time, J. Geophys. Res., 110, C09S05, https://doi.org/0.1029/2004JC002625, 2005.
Archer, D., Winguth, A., Lea, D., and Mahowald, N.: What caused the glacial/interglacial atmospheric pCO2 cycles?, Rev. Geophys., 38, 159–189, https://doi.org/10.1029/1999RG000066, 2000.
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Rapidly rising atmospheric CO2 concentrations caused by human actions over the past 250 years have raised cause for concern that changes in Earth’s climate system may progress at a much faster pace and larger extent than during the past 20,000 years. Questions that yet need to be answered are what the carbon uptake kinetics of the oceans will be in the future and how the increase in oceanic carbon inventory will affect its ecosystems. Major future ocean carbon research challenges are discussed.
Rapidly rising atmospheric CO2 concentrations caused by human actions over the past 250 years...
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