Articles | Volume 6, issue 1
https://doi.org/10.5194/esd-6-327-2015
https://doi.org/10.5194/esd-6-327-2015
Review
 | 
09 Jun 2015
Review |  | 09 Jun 2015

The ocean carbon sink – impacts, vulnerabilities and challenges

C. Heinze, S. Meyer, N. Goris, L. Anderson, R. Steinfeldt, N. Chang, C. Le Quéré, and D. C. E. Bakker

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Short summary
Rapidly rising atmospheric CO2 concentrations caused by human actions over the past 250 years have raised cause for concern that changes in Earth’s climate system may progress at a much faster pace and larger extent than during the past 20,000 years. Questions that yet need to be answered are what the carbon uptake kinetics of the oceans will be in the future and how the increase in oceanic carbon inventory will affect its ecosystems. Major future ocean carbon research challenges are discussed.
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