Articles | Volume 12, issue 4
Earth Syst. Dynam., 12, 1393–1411, 2021
Earth Syst. Dynam., 12, 1393–1411, 2021
Research article
 | Highlight paper
09 Dec 2021
Research article  | Highlight paper | 09 Dec 2021

Ubiquity of human-induced changes in climate variability

Keith B. Rodgers et al.

Related authors

Hotspots and drivers of compound marine heatwave and low net primary production extremes
Natacha Le Grix, Jakob Zscheischler, Keith Rodgers, Ryohei Yamaguchi, and Thomas Lukas Frölicher
EGUsphere,,, 2022
Short summary
Data-based estimates of the ocean carbon sink variability – first results of the Surface Ocean pCO2 Mapping intercomparison (SOCOM)
C. Rödenbeck, D. C. E. Bakker, N. Gruber, Y. Iida, A. R. Jacobson, S. Jones, P. Landschützer, N. Metzl, S. Nakaoka, A. Olsen, G.-H. Park, P. Peylin, K. B. Rodgers, T. P. Sasse, U. Schuster, J. D. Shutler, V. Valsala, R. Wanninkhof, and J. Zeng
Biogeosciences, 12, 7251–7278,,, 2015
Short summary
Emergence of multiple ocean ecosystem drivers in a large ensemble suite with an Earth system model
K. B. Rodgers, J. Lin, and T. L. Frölicher
Biogeosciences, 12, 3301–3320,,, 2015
Short summary
Strong sensitivity of Southern Ocean carbon uptake and nutrient cycling to wind stirring
K. B. Rodgers, O. Aumont, S. E. Mikaloff Fletcher, Y. Plancherel, L. Bopp, C. de Boyer Montégut, D. Iudicone, R. F. Keeling, G. Madec, and R. Wanninkhof
Biogeosciences, 11, 4077–4098,,, 2014
Air–sea CO2 flux in the Pacific Ocean for the period 1990–2009
M. Ishii, R. A. Feely, K. B. Rodgers, G.-H. Park, R. Wanninkhof, D. Sasano, H. Sugimoto, C. E. Cosca, S. Nakaoka, M. Telszewski, Y. Nojiri, S. E. Mikaloff Fletcher, Y. Niwa, P. K. Patra, V. Valsala, H. Nakano, I. Lima, S. C. Doney, E. T. Buitenhuis, O. Aumont, J. P. Dunne, A. Lenton, and T. Takahashi
Biogeosciences, 11, 709–734,,, 2014

Related subject area

Earth system change: climate scenarios
Present and future synoptic circulation patterns associated with cold and snowy spells over Italy
Miriam D'Errico, Flavio Pons, Pascal Yiou, Soulivanh Tao, Cesare Nardini, Frank Lunkeit, and Davide Faranda
Earth Syst. Dynam., 13, 961–992,,, 2022
Short summary
Multi-century dynamics of the climate and carbon cycle under both high and net negative emissions scenarios
Charles D. Koven, Vivek K. Arora, Patricia Cadule, Rosie A. Fisher, Chris D. Jones, David M. Lawrence, Jared Lewis, Keith Lindsay, Sabine Mathesius, Malte Meinshausen, Michael Mills, Zebedee Nicholls, Benjamin M. Sanderson, Roland Séférian, Neil C. Swart, William R. Wieder, and Kirsten Zickfeld
Earth Syst. Dynam., 13, 885–909,,, 2022
Short summary
Impact of an acceleration of ice sheet melting on monsoon systems
Alizée Chemison, Dimitri Defrance, Gilles Ramstein, and Cyril Caminade
EGUsphere,,, 2022
Short summary
Atmospheric rivers in CMIP5 climate ensembles downscaled with a high-resolution regional climate model
Matthias Gröger, Christian Dieterich, Cyril Dutheil, H. E. Markus Meier, and Dmitry V. Sein
Earth Syst. Dynam., 13, 613–631,,, 2022
Short summary
Climate change in the Baltic Sea region: a summary
H. E. Markus Meier, Madline Kniebusch, Christian Dieterich, Matthias Gröger, Eduardo Zorita, Ragnar Elmgren, Kai Myrberg, Markus P. Ahola, Alena Bartosova, Erik Bonsdorff, Florian Börgel, Rene Capell, Ida Carlén, Thomas Carlund, Jacob Carstensen, Ole B. Christensen, Volker Dierschke, Claudia Frauen, Morten Frederiksen, Elie Gaget, Anders Galatius, Jari J. Haapala, Antti Halkka, Gustaf Hugelius, Birgit Hünicke, Jaak Jaagus, Mart Jüssi, Jukka Käyhkö, Nina Kirchner, Erik Kjellström, Karol Kulinski, Andreas Lehmann, Göran Lindström, Wilhelm May, Paul A. Miller, Volker Mohrholz, Bärbel Müller-Karulis, Diego Pavón-Jordán, Markus Quante, Marcus Reckermann, Anna Rutgersson, Oleg P. Savchuk, Martin Stendel, Laura Tuomi, Markku Viitasalo, Ralf Weisse, and Wenyan Zhang
Earth Syst. Dynam., 13, 457–593,,, 2022
Short summary

Cited articles

Adler, R. F., Huffman, G. J., Chang, A., Ferraro, R., Xie, P. P., Janowiak, J., Rudolf, B., Schneider, U., Curtis, S., Bolvin, D., Gruber, A., Susskind, J., Arkin, P., and Nelkin, E.: The version-2 global precipitation climatology project (GPCP) monthly precipitation analysis (1979–present), J. Hydrometeorol., 4, 1147–1167,<1147:tvgpcp>;2, 2003. 
Adler, R. F., Gu, G. J., and Huffman, G. J.: Estimating Climatological Bias Errors for the Global Precipitation Climatology Project (GPCP), J. Appl. Meteorol. Clim., 51, 84–99,, 2012. 
Bailey, D. A., Holland, M. M., DuVivier, A. K., Hunke, E. C., and Turner, A. K.: Impact of a New Sea Ice Thermodynamic Formulation in the CESM2 Sea Ice Component, J. Adv. Model. Earth Sy., 12, 15,, 2020. 
Bonan, G. B., Lombardozzi, D. L., Wieder, W. R., Oleson, K. W., Lawrence, D. M., Hoffman, F. M., and Collier, N.: Model Structure and Climate Data Uncertainty in Historical Simulations of the Terrestrial Carbon Cycle (1850–2014), Global Biogeochem. Cy., 33, 1310–1326,, 2019. 
Short summary
A large ensemble of simulations with 100 members has been conducted with the state-of-the-art CESM2 Earth system model, using historical and SSP3-7.0 forcing. Our main finding is that there are significant changes in the variance of the Earth system in response to anthropogenic forcing, with these changes spanning a broad range of variables important to impacts for human populations and ecosystems.
Final-revised paper