Articles | Volume 14, issue 1
Research article
27 Feb 2023
Research article |  | 27 Feb 2023

The response of the regional longwave radiation balance and climate system in Europe to an idealized afforestation experiment

Marcus Breil, Felix Krawczyk, and Joaquim G. Pinto

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Cited articles

Alkama, R. and Cescatti, A.: Biophysical climate impacts of recent changes in global forest cover, Science, 351, 600–604,, 2016. 
Bala, G., Caldeira, K., Wickett, M., Phillips, T. J., Lobell, D. B., Delire, C., and Mirin, A.: Combined climate and carbon-cycle effects of large-scale deforestatio, P. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA, 104, 6550–6555,, 2007. 
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Burakowski, E., Tawfik, A., Ouimette, A., Lepine, L., Novick, K., Ollinger, S., Zarzycki, C., and Bonan, G.: The role of surface roughness, albedo, and Bowen ratio on ecosystem energy balance in the Eastern United States, Agr. Forest Meteorol., 249, 367–376,, 2018. 
Short summary
We provide evidence that biogeophysical effects of afforestation can counteract the favorable biogeochemical climate effect of reduced CO2 concentrations. By changing the land surface characteristics, afforestation reduces vegetation surface temperatures, resulting in a reduced outgoing longwave radiation in summer, although CO2 concentrations are reduced. Since forests additionally absorb a lot of solar radiation due to their dark surfaces, afforestation has a total warming effect.
Final-revised paper