Articles | Volume 12, issue 1
Earth Syst. Dynam., 12, 121–132, 2021
Earth Syst. Dynam., 12, 121–132, 2021

Research article 02 Feb 2021

Research article | 02 Feb 2021

Synchronized spatial shifts of Hadley and Walker circulations

Kyung-Sook Yun et al.

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Cited articles

Adler, R. F., Huffman, G. J., Chang, A., Ferraro, R., Xie, P. P., Janowiak, J., Rudolf, B., Schneider, U., Curtis, S., Bolvin, D., Gruber, A., Susskind, J., Arkin, P., and Nelkin, E.: The version-2 global precipitation climatology project (GPCP) monthly precipitation analysis (1979-present), J. Hydrometeorol., 4, 1147–1167,<1147:Tvgpcp>2.0.Co;2, 2003. 
An, S.-I. and Kim, J.-W.: ENSO Transition Asymmetry: Internal and External Causes and Intermodel Diversity, Geophys. Res. Lett., 45, 5095–5104,, 2018. 
Bayr, T., Dommenget, D., Martin, T., and Power, S. B.: The eastward shift of the Walker Circulation in response to global warming and its relationship to ENSO variability, Clim. Dyn., 43, 2747–2763,, 2014. 
Bollasina, M. A., Ming, Y., and Ramaswamy, V.: Anthropogenic Aerosols and the Weakening of the South Asian Summer Monsoon, Science, 334, 502–505,, 2011. 
Clarke, A. J. and Lebedev, A.: Long-term changes in the equatorial Pacific trade winds, J. Climate, 9, 1020–1029,<1020:Ltcite>2.0.Co;2, 1996. 
Short summary
Changes in the Hadley and Walker cells cause major climate disruptions across our planet. What has been overlooked so far is the question of whether these two circulations can shift their positions in a synchronized manner. We here show the synchronized spatial shifts between Walker and Hadley cells and further highlight a novel aspect of how tropical sea surface temperature anomalies can couple these two circulations. The re-positioning has important implications for extratropical rainfall.
Final-revised paper