Articles | Volume 13, issue 4
Earth Syst. Dynam., 13, 1535–1555, 2022
https://doi.org/10.5194/esd-13-1535-2022
Earth Syst. Dynam., 13, 1535–1555, 2022
https://doi.org/10.5194/esd-13-1535-2022
Research article
07 Nov 2022
Research article | 07 Nov 2022

On the additivity of climate responses to the volcanic and solar forcing in the early 19th century

Shih-Wei Fang et al.

Download

Interactive discussion

Status: closed

Comment types: AC – author | RC – referee | CC – community | EC – editor | CEC – chief editor | : Report abuse
  • RC1: 'Comment on egusphere-2022-638', Anonymous Referee #1, 13 Sep 2022
    • AC1: 'Reply on RC1', Shih-Wei Fang, 16 Oct 2022
  • RC2: 'Comment on egusphere-2022-638', Ewa Bednarz, 19 Sep 2022
    • AC1: 'Reply on RC1', Shih-Wei Fang, 16 Oct 2022

Peer review completion

AR: Author's response | RR: Referee report | ED: Editor decision
ED: Publish subject to minor revisions (review by editor) (17 Oct 2022) by Ben Kravitz
AR by Shih-Wei Fang on behalf of the Authors (17 Oct 2022)  Author's response    Author's tracked changes    Manuscript
ED: Publish subject to technical corrections (18 Oct 2022) by Ben Kravitz
AR by Shih-Wei Fang on behalf of the Authors (21 Oct 2022)  Author's response    Manuscript
Download
Short summary
The early 19th century was the coldest period over the past 500 years, when strong tropical volcanic events and a solar minimum coincided. This study quantifies potential surface cooling from the solar and volcanic forcing in the early 19th century with large ensemble simulations, and identifies the regions that their impacts cannot be simply additive. The cooling perspective of Arctic amplification exists in both solar and post-volcano period with the albedo feedback as the main contribution.
Altmetrics
Final-revised paper
Preprint