Articles | Volume 12, issue 2
Earth Syst. Dynam., 12, 469–487, 2021
Earth Syst. Dynam., 12, 469–487, 2021

Research article 04 May 2021

Research article | 04 May 2021

The half-order energy balance equation – Part 1: The homogeneous HEBE and long memories

Shaun Lovejoy


Interactive discussion

Status: closed
Status: closed
AC: Author comment | RC: Referee comment | SC: Short comment | EC: Editor comment
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Peer-review completion

AR: Author's response | RR: Referee report | ED: Editor decision
ED: Reconsider after major revisions (29 Sep 2020) by Anders Levermann
AR by Svenja Lange on behalf of the Authors (01 Dec 2020)  Author's response
ED: Referee Nomination & Report Request started (18 Dec 2020) by Anders Levermann
RR by Anonymous Referee #2 (20 Dec 2020)
ED: Publish as is (12 Feb 2021) by Anders Levermann
Short summary
Monthly scale, seasonal-scale, and decadal-scale modeling of the atmosphere is possible using the principle of energy balance. Yet the scope of classical approaches is limited because they do not adequately deal with energy storage in the Earth system. We show that the introduction of a vertical coordinate implies that the storage has a huge memory. This memory can be used for macroweather (long-range) forecasts and climate projections.
Final-revised paper