Articles | Volume 14, issue 6
Research article
07 Nov 2023
Research article |  | 07 Nov 2023

MIROC6 Large Ensemble (MIROC6-LE): experimental design and initial analyses

Hideo Shiogama, Hiroaki Tatebe, Michiya Hayashi, Manabu Abe, Miki Arai, Hiroshi Koyama, Yukiko Imada, Yu Kosaka, Tomoo Ogura, and Masahiro Watanabe

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Cited articles

Cai, W., Ng, B., Wang, G., Santoso, A., Wu, L., and Yang, K.: Increased ENSO sea surface temperature variability under four IPCC emission scenarios, Nat. Clim. Chang. 12, 228–231,, 2022. 
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Callahan, C. W., Chen, C., Rugenstein, M., Bloch-Johnson, J., Yang S., and Moyer, E. J.: Robust decrease in El Niño/Southern Oscillation amplitude under long-term warming, Nat. Clim. Change, 11, 752–757,, 2021. 
Deser, C., Phillips, A. S., Simpson, I. R., Rosenbloom, N., Coleman, D., Lehner, F., Pendergrass, A., DiNezio, P., and Stevenson, S.: Isolating the Evolving Contributions of Anthropogenic Aerosols and Greenhouse Gases: A New CESM1 Large Ensemble Community Resource, J. Climate, 33, 7835–7858,, 2020. 
Devaraju, N., Bala, G., and Modak, A.: Effects of large-scale deforestation on precipitation in the monsoon regions: Remote versus local effects, P. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA, 112, 3257–3262,, 2015. 
Short summary
We produced one of the largest single model initial-condition ensembles thus far using the MIROC6 coupled atmosphere–ocean global climate model (MIROC6-LE). MIROC6-LE includes historical simulations, eight single forcing historical experiments, five future scenario experiments and three single forcing future experiments with 10- or 50-ensemble members. We describe the experimental design and show initial analyses. This dataset would be useful to a wide range of research communities.
Final-revised paper