Articles | Volume 10, issue 4
Research article
 | Highlight paper
07 Nov 2019
Research article | Highlight paper |  | 07 Nov 2019

Meeting climate targets by direct CO2 injections: what price would the ocean have to pay?

Fabian Reith, Wolfgang Koeve, David P. Keller, Julia Getzlaff, and Andreas Oschlies

Related authors

Revisiting ocean carbon sequestration by direct injection: a global carbon budget perspective
Fabian Reith, David P. Keller, and Andreas Oschlies
Earth Syst. Dynam., 7, 797–812,,, 2016

Related subject area

Management of the Earth system: carbon sequestration and management
Carbon dioxide removal via macroalgae open-ocean mariculture and sinking: an Earth system modeling study
Jiajun Wu, David P. Keller, and Andreas Oschlies
Earth Syst. Dynam., 14, 185–221,,, 2023
Short summary
Soil organic carbon dynamics from agricultural management practices under climate change
Tobias Herzfeld, Jens Heinke, Susanne Rolinski, and Christoph Müller
Earth Syst. Dynam., 12, 1037–1055,,, 2021
Short summary
Regional variation in the effectiveness of methane-based and land-based climate mitigation options
Garry D. Hayman, Edward Comyn-Platt, Chris Huntingford, Anna B. Harper, Tom Powell, Peter M. Cox, William Collins, Christopher Webber, Jason Lowe, Stephen Sitch, Joanna I. House, Jonathan C. Doelman, Detlef P. van Vuuren, Sarah E. Chadburn, Eleanor Burke, and Nicola Gedney
Earth Syst. Dynam., 12, 513–544,,, 2021
Short summary
Modeling forest plantations for carbon uptake with the LPJmL dynamic global vegetation model
Maarten C. Braakhekke, Jonathan C. Doelman, Peter Baas, Christoph Müller, Sibyll Schaphoff, Elke Stehfest, and Detlef P. van Vuuren
Earth Syst. Dynam., 10, 617–630,,, 2019
Short summary
Characteristics of soil profile CO2 concentrations in karst areas and their significance for global carbon cycles and climate change
Qiao Chen
Earth Syst. Dynam., 10, 525–538,,, 2019
Short summary

Cited articles

Allen, M. R., Frame, D. J., Huntingford, C., Jones, C. D., Lowe, J. A., Meinshausen, M., and Meinshausen, N.: Warming caused by cumulative carbon emissions towards the trillionth tonne, Nature, 458, 1163–1166,, 2009. 
Archer, D.: A data-driven model of the global calcite lysocline, Global Biogeochem. Cy., 10, 511–526,, 1996. 
Archer, D.: Fate of fossil fuel CO2 in geologic time, J. Geophys. Res.-Oceans, 110, 1–6,, 2005. 
Archer, D., Kheshgi, H. S., and Maier-Reimer, E.: Dynamics of fossil fuel CO2 neutralization by marine CaCO3, Glob. Biogeochem. Cy., 12, 259–276, 1998. 
Bigalke, N. K., Rehder, G., and Gust, G.: Experimental investigation of the rising behavior of CO2 droplets in seawater under hydrate-forming conditions, Environ. Sci. Technol., 42, 5241–5246,, 2008. 
Short summary
This modeling study is the first one to look at the suitability and collateral effects of direct CO2 injection into the deep ocean as a means to bridge the gap between CO2 emissions and climate impacts of an intermediate CO2 emission scenario and a temperature target on a millennium timescale, such as the 1.5 °C climate target of the Paris Agreement.
Final-revised paper