Articles | Volume 13, issue 2
 | Highlight paper
13 Apr 2022
Review | Highlight paper |  | 13 Apr 2022

Coupling human and natural systems for sustainability: experience from China's Loess Plateau

Bojie Fu, Xutong Wu, Zhuangzhuang Wang, Xilin Wu, and Shuai Wang

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Cited articles

An, W., Li, Z., Wang, S., Wu, X., Lu, Y., Liu, G., and Fu, B.: Exploring the effects of the “Grain for Green” program on the differences in soil water in the semi-arid Loess Plateau of China, Ecol. Eng., 107, 144–151,, 2017. 
Barton, L., Newsome, S. D., Chen, F. H., Wang, H., Guilderson, T. P., and Bettinger, R. L.: Agricultural origins and the isotopic identity of domestication in northern China, P. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA, 106, 5523–5528,, 2009. 
Bennett, E. M., Peterson, G. D., and Gordon, L. J.: Understanding relationships among multiple ecosystem services, Ecol. Lett., 12, 1394–1404,, 2009. 
Bi, N., Wang, H., and Yang, Z.: Recent changes in the erosion–accretion patterns of the active Huanghe (Yellow River) delta lobe caused by human activities, Cont. Shelf Res., 90, 70–78, 2014. 
Biggs, R., de Vos, A., Preiser, R., Clements, H., Maciejewski, K., and Schlüter, M.: The Routledge Handbook of Research Methods for Social-Ecological Systems, Routledge,, 2021. 
Short summary
To understand the dynamics of a coupled human and natural system (CHANS) and promote its sustainability, we propose a conceptual pattern–process–service–sustainability cascade framework. The use of this framework is systematically illustrated by a review of CHANS research experience in China's Loess Plateau in terms of coupling landscape patterns and ecological processes, linking ecological processes to ecosystem services, and promoting social–ecological sustainability.
Final-revised paper