Preprints
https://doi.org/10.5194/esd-2022-29
https://doi.org/10.5194/esd-2022-29
29 Jul 2022
 | 29 Jul 2022
Status: this preprint has been withdrawn by the authors.

Classification of synoptic circulation patterns with a two-stage clustering algorithm using the structural similarity index metric (SSIM)

Kristina Winderlich, Clementine Dalelane, and Andreas Walter

Abstract. We develop a new classification method for synoptic circulation patterns with the aim to extend the evaluation routine for climate simulations. This classification is applicable for any region of the globe of any size given the reference data. Its unique novelty is the use of the structural similarity index metric (SSIM) instead of traditional distance metrics for cluster building. This classification method combines two classical clustering algorithms used iteratively, hierarchical agglomerative clustering (HAC) and k-medoids, with the only one pre-set parameter – the threshold on the similarity between two synoptic patterns expressed as the structural similarity index measure SSIM. This threshold is set by the user to imitate the human perception of the similarity between two images (similar structure, luminance and contrast) and the number of final classes is defined automatically.

We apply the SSIM-based classification method on the geopotential height at the pressure-level of 500 hPa from the reanalysis data ERA-Interim 1979–2018 and demonstrate that the built classes are 1) consistent to the changes in the input parameter, 2) well separated, 3) spatially and temporally stable, and 4) physically meaningful.

We use the synoptic circulation classes obtained with the new classification method for evaluating CMIP6 historical climate simulations and an alternative reanalysis (for comparison purposes). The output fields of CMIP6 models (and of the alternative reanalysis) are assigned to the classes and the quality index is computed. We rank the CMIP6 simulations according to this quality index.

This preprint has been withdrawn.

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Kristina Winderlich, Clementine Dalelane, and Andreas Walter

Interactive discussion

Status: closed

Comment types: AC – author | RC – referee | CC – community | EC – editor | CEC – chief editor | : Report abuse
  • RC1: 'Comment on esd-2022-29', Anonymous Referee #1, 04 Aug 2022
  • AC1: 'Comment on esd-2022-29', Kristina Winderlich, 17 Aug 2022
    • EC1: 'Reply on AC1', Gabriele Messori, 09 Sep 2022
  • RC2: 'Comment on esd-2022-29', Anonymous Referee #2, 23 Aug 2022
  • RC3: 'Comment on esd-2022-29', Anonymous Referee #3, 09 Sep 2022
  • AC5: 'Comment on esd-2022-29', Kristina Winderlich, 17 Jan 2023

Interactive discussion

Status: closed

Comment types: AC – author | RC – referee | CC – community | EC – editor | CEC – chief editor | : Report abuse
  • RC1: 'Comment on esd-2022-29', Anonymous Referee #1, 04 Aug 2022
  • AC1: 'Comment on esd-2022-29', Kristina Winderlich, 17 Aug 2022
    • EC1: 'Reply on AC1', Gabriele Messori, 09 Sep 2022
  • RC2: 'Comment on esd-2022-29', Anonymous Referee #2, 23 Aug 2022
  • RC3: 'Comment on esd-2022-29', Anonymous Referee #3, 09 Sep 2022
  • AC5: 'Comment on esd-2022-29', Kristina Winderlich, 17 Jan 2023
Kristina Winderlich, Clementine Dalelane, and Andreas Walter
Kristina Winderlich, Clementine Dalelane, and Andreas Walter

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This preprint has been withdrawn.

Short summary
This paper presents a new classification method for synoptic circulation patterns and its application on ERA-Interim reanalysis data. The output fields of the CMIP6 models are assigned to the reanalysis-derived classes and a new quality index, built on the statistics between each model and the reference, is introduced to quantify the “quality” of the respective model. CMIP6 models are ranked according to the new quality score.
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