Journal cover Journal topic
Earth System Dynamics An interactive open-access journal of the European Geosciences Union
Journal topic

Journal metrics

IF value: 3.866
IF3.866
IF 5-year value: 4.135
IF 5-year
4.135
CiteScore value: 7.0
CiteScore
7.0
SNIP value: 1.182
SNIP1.182
IPP value: 3.86
IPP3.86
SJR value: 1.883
SJR1.883
Scimago H <br class='widget-line-break'>index value: 33
Scimago H
index
33
h5-index value: 30
h5-index30
Preprints
https://doi.org/10.5194/esdd-5-683-2014
© Author(s) 2014. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.
https://doi.org/10.5194/esdd-5-683-2014
© Author(s) 2014. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.

  10 Jun 2014

10 Jun 2014

Review status
This preprint was under review for the journal ESD but the revision was not accepted.

Definitions of climate and climate change under varying external conditions

C. Werndl C. Werndl
  • Department of Philosophy, Logic and Scientific Method, London School of Economics, Houghton Street, WC1A 2AE London, UK

Abstract. Commonly, definitions of climate are endorsed where the external conditions are held constant. This paper argues that these definitions risk being empirically void because in reality the external conditions vary. As a consequence, analogous definitions for varying external conditions are explored with help of the recently developed theory of non-autonomous dynamical systems, and the similarities and differences between the cases of constant and varying external conditions are discussed. It is argued that there are analogous definitions for varying external conditions which are preferable to the definitions where the external conditions are held constant. In this context, a novel definition is proposed (namely, climate as the distribution over time under a regime of varying external conditions), which is argued to be promising.

C. Werndl

Interactive discussion

Status: closed
Status: closed
AC: Author comment | RC: Referee comment | SC: Short comment | EC: Editor comment
Printer-friendly Version - Printer-friendly version Supplement - Supplement

Interactive discussion

Status: closed
Status: closed
AC: Author comment | RC: Referee comment | SC: Short comment | EC: Editor comment
Printer-friendly Version - Printer-friendly version Supplement - Supplement

C. Werndl

C. Werndl

Viewed

Total article views: 2,042 (including HTML, PDF, and XML)
HTML PDF XML Total BibTeX EndNote
909 1,064 69 2,042 69 78
  • HTML: 909
  • PDF: 1,064
  • XML: 69
  • Total: 2,042
  • BibTeX: 69
  • EndNote: 78
Views and downloads (calculated since 10 Jun 2014)
Cumulative views and downloads (calculated since 10 Jun 2014)

Cited

Saved

Discussed

Latest update: 02 Dec 2020
Publications Copernicus
Download
Citation
Altmetrics