Articles | Volume 9, issue 3
https://doi.org/10.5194/esd-9-1063-2018
https://doi.org/10.5194/esd-9-1063-2018
Research article
 | 
27 Aug 2018
Research article |  | 27 Aug 2018

Causal dependences between the coupled ocean–atmosphere dynamics over the tropical Pacific, the North Pacific and the North Atlantic

Stéphane Vannitsem and Pierre Ekelmans

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Latest update: 17 Apr 2024
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Short summary
The El Niño–Southern Oscillation phenomenon is a slow dynamics present in the coupled ocean–atmosphere tropical Pacific system which has important teleconnections with the northern extratropics. These teleconnections are usually believed to be the source of an enhanced predictability in the northern extratropics at seasonal to decadal timescales. This question is challenged by investigating the causality between these regions using an advanced technique known as convergent cross mapping.
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