Articles | Volume 8, issue 3
Earth Syst. Dynam., 8, 801–815, 2017
https://doi.org/10.5194/esd-8-801-2017

Special issue: Multiple drivers for Earth system changes in the Baltic Sea...

Earth Syst. Dynam., 8, 801–815, 2017
https://doi.org/10.5194/esd-8-801-2017

Research article 07 Sep 2017

Research article | 07 Sep 2017

Low-frequency variability in North Sea and Baltic Sea identified through simulations with the 3-D coupled physical–biogeochemical model ECOSMO

Ute Daewel and Corinna Schrum

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Latest update: 16 May 2021
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Short summary
Processes behind observed long-term variations in marine ecosystems are difficult to be deduced from in situ observations only. By statistically analysing a 61-year model simulation for the North Sea and Baltic Sea and additional model scenarios, we identified major modes of variability in the environmental variables and associated those with changes in primary production. We found that the dominant impact on changes in ecosystem productivity was introduced by modulations of the wind fields.
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