Articles | Volume 8, issue 1
Earth Syst. Dynam., 8, 211–224, 2017
https://doi.org/10.5194/esd-8-211-2017
Earth Syst. Dynam., 8, 211–224, 2017
https://doi.org/10.5194/esd-8-211-2017

Research article 21 Mar 2017

Research article | 21 Mar 2017

On the meaning of independence in climate science

James D. Annan and Julia C. Hargreaves

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Short summary
The concept of independence has been frequently raised in climate science, but has rarely been defined and discussed in a theoretically robust and quantifiable manner. Improved understanding of this topic is critical to better understanding of climate change. In this paper, we introduce a unifying approach based on the statistical definition of independence, and illustrate with simple examples how it can be applied to practical questions.
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