Articles | Volume 8, issue 4
Earth Syst. Dynam., 8, 1107–1120, 2017
https://doi.org/10.5194/esd-8-1107-2017

Special issue: Multiple drivers for Earth system changes in the Baltic Sea...

Earth Syst. Dynam., 8, 1107–1120, 2017
https://doi.org/10.5194/esd-8-1107-2017

Review 11 Dec 2017

Review | 11 Dec 2017

Structure and functioning of the acid–base system in the Baltic Sea

Karol Kuliński et al.

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Latest update: 27 Nov 2021
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Short summary
This review describes the general knowledge of the marine acid–base system as well as the peculiarities identified and reported for the Baltic Sea specifically. We discuss issues such as dissociation constants in the brackish water, the structure of the total alkalinity in the Baltic Sea, long-term changes in total alkalinity, and the acid–base effects of biomass production and mineralization. We identify research gaps and specify bottlenecks concerning the Baltic Sea acid–base system.
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