Articles | Volume 7, issue 3
Earth Syst. Dynam., 7, 659–679, 2016
Earth Syst. Dynam., 7, 659–679, 2016
Research article
23 Aug 2016
Research article | 23 Aug 2016

Hazard interactions and interaction networks (cascades) within multi-hazard methodologies

Joel C. Gill and Bruce D. Malamud

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Cited articles

Adhikari, L. B., Gautam, U. P., Koirala, B. P., Bhattarai, M., Kandel, T., Gupta, R. M., Timsina, C., Maharjan, N., Maharjan, K., Dahal, T., and Hoste-Colomer, R.: The aftershock sequence of the 2015 April 25 Gorkha–Nepal earthquake, Geophys. J. Int., 203, 2119–2124, 2015.
Alexander, D. E.: Natural Disasters, UCL Press, London, 1993.
ARMONIA.: Assessing and Mapping Multiple Risks for Spatial Planning. European Union 6th Framework Programme Reports, European Union, available at:, last access: 13 July 2016 2007.
Bell, F. G., Stacey, T. R., and Genske, D. D.: Mining subsidence and its effect on the environment: some differing examples, Environ. Geol., 40, 135–152, 2000.
Bickerstaff, K. and Simmons, P.: Absencing/presencing risk: Rethinking proximity and the experience of living with major technological hazards, Geoforum, 40, 864–872, 2009.
Short summary
Understanding interactions between hazards and other processes can help us to better understand the complex environment in which disasters occur. This enhanced understanding may help us to better manage hazards and reduce the risk of disasters occurring. Interactions (e.g. one hazard triggering another hazard) are noted between (i) natural hazards, such as earthquakes; (ii) human activity, such as groundwater abstraction; and (iii) technological hazards/disasters, such as building collapse.
Final-revised paper