Articles | Volume 8, issue 3
Earth Syst. Dynam., 8, 773–799, 2017
https://doi.org/10.5194/esd-8-773-2017
Earth Syst. Dynam., 8, 773–799, 2017
https://doi.org/10.5194/esd-8-773-2017
Research article
05 Sep 2017
Research article | 05 Sep 2017

Impacts of climate mitigation strategies in the energy sector on global land use and carbon balance

Kerstin Engström et al.

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Cited articles

Ahlström, A., Schurgers, G., Arneth, A., and Smith, B.: Robustness and uncertainty in terrestrial ecosystem carbon response to CMIP5 climate change projections, Environ. Res. Lett., 7, 044008, https://doi.org/10.1088/1748-9326/7/4/044008, 2012.
Albanito, F., Beringer, T., Corstanje, R., Poulter, B., Stephenson, A., Zawadzka, J., and Smith, P.: Carbon implications of converting cropland to bioenergy crops or forest for climate mitigation: a global assessment, GCB Bioenergy, 8, 81–95, 2016.
Alexander, P., Rounsevell, M. D. A., Dislich, C., Dodson, J. R., Engström, K., and Moran, D.: Drivers for global agricultural land use change: The nexus of diet, population, yield and bioenergy, Global Environ. Change, 35, 138–147, 2015.
Börjesson, P. and Tufvesson, L. M.: Agricultural crop-based biofuels – resource efficiency and environmental performance including direct land use changes, J. Clean. Product., 19, 108–120, 2011.
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Short summary
Applying a global carbon tax on fossil was shown to lead to increased bioenergy production in four out of five scenarios. Increased bioenergy production led to global cropland changes that were up to 50 % larger by 2100 compared to the reference case (without global carbon tax). For scenarios with strong cropland expansion due to high population growth coupled with low technological change or bioenergy production, the biosphere was simulated to switch from a carbon sink into a carbon source.
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