Articles | Volume 12, issue 4
https://doi.org/10.5194/esd-12-1015-2021
https://doi.org/10.5194/esd-12-1015-2021
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15 Oct 2021
Research article | Highlight paper |  | 15 Oct 2021

Vulnerability of European ecosystems to two compound dry and hot summers in 2018 and 2019

Ana Bastos, René Orth, Markus Reichstein, Philippe Ciais, Nicolas Viovy, Sönke Zaehle, Peter Anthoni, Almut Arneth, Pierre Gentine, Emilie Joetzjer, Sebastian Lienert, Tammas Loughran, Patrick C. McGuire, Sungmin O, Julia Pongratz, and Stephen Sitch

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Latest update: 15 Jun 2024
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Short summary
Temperate biomes in Europe are not prone to recurrent dry and hot conditions in summer. However, these conditions may become more frequent in the coming decades. Because stress conditions can leave legacies for many years, this may result in reduced ecosystem resilience under recurrent stress. We assess vegetation vulnerability to the hot and dry summers in 2018 and 2019 in Europe and find the important role of inter-annual legacy effects from 2018 in modulating the impacts of the 2019 event.
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